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Malaysia Overview

 

Malaysia is a country in South-East Asia, located partly on a peninsula of the Asian mainland and partly on the northern third of the island of Borneo. West Malaysia shares a border with Thailand, is connected by a causeway and a bridge (Malaysia-Singapore Second Link) to the island state of Singapore, and has coastlines on the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca. East Malaysia (Borneo) shares borders with Brunei and Indonesia.

The country is ranked as the 9th most visited place in the world.In an effort to diversify the economy and make Malaysia’s economy less dependent on exports the government has pushed to increase tourism in Malaysia. As a result tourism has become Malaysia’s third largest source of income from foreign exchange, and accounted for 7% of Malaysia's economy as of 2005.

The government agency in charge of promoting tourism in Malaysia is Tourism Malaysia or the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board (MTPB). On 20 May 1987, the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism (MOCAT) was established and TDC moved to this new ministry. TDC existed from 1972 to 1992, when it became the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board (MTPB), through the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board Act, 1992. Its vision is to make the tourism industry a prime contributor to the socio-economic development of the nation, and aims to market Malaysia as a premier destination of excellence in the region. Tourism Malaysia now has 34 overseas and 11 marketing representative offices.

In 1999, Malaysia launched a worldwide marketing campaign called “Malaysia, Truly Asia” which was largely successful in bringing in over 7.4 million tourists. The extra revenue recently generated by tourism helped the country’s economy during the economic crisis of 2008. However, it is mainly Malaysia’s heavy government regulation of the economy which enabled it to be barely affected by the recent 2008 global economic crisis. In recent years tourism has been threatened by the negative effects of the growing industrial economy. Due to the large amounts of air and water pollution along with deforestation, tourism has decreased in affected areas.

 
 
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Malaysia Tourism

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Popular Locations of Malaysia

1. Petronas Twin Towers, KL
2. KualaLumpur Tower, KL
3. Bird Park, KL
4. Butterfly Park, KL
5. Merdeka Square, KL
6. National Museum, KL
7. National Mosque, KL
8. National Palace, KL
9. Lake Titiwangsa, KL
10. Aquaria KLCC, KL
11. St. Mary Church, KL
12. Thean Hou Temple, KL
13. Little India, KL
14. China Town, KL
15. FRIM, KL
16. Gunung Stong State Park, Kelantan
17. Perhentian Islands, Terengganu
18. Pulau Tioman, Pahang
19. Genting Highlands, Pahang
20. Taman Negara, Pahang
21. Cameron Highlands, Pahang
22. Batu Caves, Selangor
23. Sunway Lagoon, Selangor
24. I-City Park, Shah Alam
25. Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park, Sabah
26. Kinabalu Park, Sabah
27. Mount Kinabalu, Sabah
28. Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak
29. Pangkor Island, Perak
30. Sungkai Klah Hot Springs Park, Perak
31. Langkawi, Kedah
32. Georgetown Inner City, Penang
33. PutraJaya
34. Melaka, Malacca
35. Legoland Malaysia, Johor Bahru
36. Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Glass Temple, Johor Bahru


 




 
   
 

Malaysia Culture

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The culture of Malaysia draws on the varied cultures of the different people of Malaysia. The first people to live in the area were indigenous tribes that still remain. They were followed by the Malays, who moved there from mainland Asia in ancient times.

Chinese and Indian cultural influences made their mark when trade began with those countries, and increased with immigration to Malaysia. Other cultures that heavily influenced that of Malaysia include Persian, Arabic, and British. The many different ethnicities that currently exist in Malaysia have their own unique and distinctive cultural identities, with some crossover.

Arts and music have a long tradition in Malaysia, with Malay art dating back to the Malay sultanates. Traditional art was centred on fields such as carving, silversmithing, and weaving. Islamic taboos restricted artwork depicting humans until the mid-20th century.

Performing arts and shadow puppet shows are popular, and often show Indian influences. Various influences can be seen in architecture, from individual cultures in Malaysia and from other countries. Large modern structures have been built, including the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Twin Towers.

Malaysian music has a variety of origins, and is largely based around percussion instruments. Much early Malaysian literature was based on Indian epics, which remained unchanged even as Malays converted to Islam; this has expanded in recent decades.

English literature remained restricted to the higher class until the arrival of the printing press. Locally created Chinese and Indian literature appeared in the 19th century.

Cuisine is often divided along ethnic lines, but some dishes exist which have mixed foods from different ethnicities. Each major religious group has its major holy days declared as official holidays. Official holidays differ by state; the most widespread one is Hari Merdeka, which celebrates the independence of Malaya. Although festivals often stem from a specific ethnic background, they are celebrated by all people in Malaysia.

Traditional sports are popular in Malaysia, while it has become a powerhouse in international sports such as badminton. Malaysia hosted the Commonwealth Games in 1998, the first Commonwealth Games where the torch passed through more countries than England and the host.

The Malaysian government has taken the step of defining Malaysian Culture through the "1971 National Culture Policy", which defined what was considered official culture, basing it around Malay culture and integrating Islamic influences. This especially affected language; only Malay texts are considered official cultural texts. Government control over the media is strong, and most media outlets are related to the government in some way.

The Malays, who account for over half the Malaysian population, play a dominant role politically and are included in a grouping identified as bumiputra. Their native language, Bahasa Malaysia, is the national language of the country. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. The Orang Asal, the earliest inhabitants of Malaya, formed only 0.5 percent of the total population in Malaysia in 2000, but represented a majority in East Malaysia. In Sarawak, most of the non-Muslim indigenous groups are classified as Dayaks, and they constitute about 40 percent of the population in the state. Many tribes have converted to Christianity. The 140,000 Orang Asli, or aboriginal peoples, comprise a number of different ethnic communities living in peninsular Malaysia.

The Chinese have been settling in Malaysia for many centuries, and form the second-largest ethnic group. The first Chinese to settle in the Straits Settlements, primarily in and around Malacca, gradually adopted elements of Malaysian culture and intermarried with the Malaysian community and with this, a new ethnic group called emerged, the Peranakan ("Straits Chinese"). These Chinese have adopted Malay traditions while maintaining elements of Chinese culture such as their largely Buddhist and Taoist religion. The more common dialects of Chinese spoken in Peninsular Malaysia are Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainanese, and Foochow.

The Indian community in Malaysia is the smallest of the three main ethnic groups, accounting for about 10 percent of the country's population. They speak a variety of South Asian languages. Tamils, Malayalees, and Telugu people make up over 85 percent of the people of Indian origin in the country. Indian immigrants to Malaysia brought with them the Hindu and Sikh cultures. This included temples and Gurdwaras, cuisine, and clothing. Hindu tradition remains strong in the Indian community of Malaysia. A community of Indians who have adopted Malay cultural practices also exists in Malacca. Though they remain Hindu, the Chitties speak Bahasa Malaysia and dress and act as Malays.

 
   
 

Malaysia Cuisine

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Popular Food in Tamilnadu

1. Apam Balik
2. Mee Goreng Mamak
3. Nasi Kerabu
4. Ayam Percik
(Chicken with Percik Sauce)
5. Nasi Lemak
6. Roti John
7. Rendang
(Beef, Chicken or Lamb)
8. Kuih
9. Nasi Kandar
10. Popia Basah
(wet spring roll)
11. Curry Laksa
12. Bubur (Porridges)
13. Roti Jala
14. Murtabak
15. Keropok Lekor
16. Sambal Udang
17. Asam Pedas
18. Lemang
19. Otak-otak (Brains)
20. Tepung Pelita
21. Rempeyek
22. Rojak
23. Putu Piring
24. Che Chong Fun
25. Roti Canai
26. Satay
27. Ikan Bakar
28. Ketam
29. Gulai Ayam Kampung
30. Lor bak
31. Char Kuey Teow
32. Chai Tow Kway
33. Wonton Mee
34. Goreng Pisang
35. Chicken Curry Kapitan
36. Ketupat
37. Jeu Hoo Char
38. Kaya Toast
39. Ais Kachang
40. Durian Cendol
41. Bah Kut Teh
42. Dim Sum
43. Kai Fan ( Chicken Rice )

 

 

 

 

 

 

44. Tai Chow
45. Asam Laksa
46. Chicken Curry Mee
47. Popiah
48. Nasi Pataya
49. Mee goreng
50. Nasi Goreng
51. Oyster Omelet
52. Pasembur
53. Tom Yam
54. Hokkien Mee
55. Chili Crab
56. Clay Pot Rice
57. Mee Rebus
58. Fried chicken
59. Dhosai
60. Banana Leaf Indian Meal

 
   
 

Malaysia Shopping

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1. 1 Utama, KL

2. BB Plaza, KL

3. Berjaya Times Square, KL

4. Fahrenheit88, KL

5. Lot10, KL

6. Mid Valley Megamall & The Gardens, KL

7. Pavilion KL, KL

8. Pertama Complex, KL

9. Plaza IMBI

10. Plaza Low Yat, KL

11. Sogo, KL

12. Starhill Gallery, KL

13. Sungei Wang, KL

14. Sunway Pyramid, KL

15. Suria KLCC, KL

16. The Curve, KL

17. 1st Avenue, Penang

18. ICT@Komtar, Penang

19. Island Plaza, Penang

20. Midlands One Stop, Penang

21. Penang Times Square, Penang

22. Plaza Gurney, Penang

23. Prangin Mall, Penang

24. Queensbay Mall, Penang

25. Straits Quay, Penang

26. Langkawi Fair, Langkawi

 

 
     
   
 

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